Architecture drawings are the foundation of every successful construction and remodeling project. And fortunately, it’s easier than ever to create different types of architectural drawings.
What is an Architectural Drawing?
An architectural drawing is a detailed sketch, plan, diagram, or schematic of a building. During the planning stages of a construction project, architects and designers create these types of technical drawings.
Architecture drawings are important for a variety of reasons, including:
- They assist owners and project planners in understanding how a building will look and function when completed.
- They provide the necessary information and instructions to the construction crew so that the structure can be built.
- Finally, an architect’s drawings provide a detailed record of a building’s inner workings, which is required for future maintenance.
You will be required to create various types of architectural drawings throughout the project. Below discussed are the different types of Architectural Drawings.
Types of Architecture Drawings:
The path to a finished project begins with a detailed set of architectural plan drawings. Here are the most common types of drawings that you may require.
1. Site plan drawings
The site plan depicts the building and its surroundings from above. It may also display nearby buildings or infrastructure, such as roads. Site plans are essential for demonstrating how the structure is positioned in relation to the property boundaries. The site plan drawings can also provide specific information and dimensions for driveways, patios, and other exterior design features. Such 3D architecture drawings are a great addition to your project proposals!
2. Floor plan drawings
Floor plan drawings depict the internal layout of a structure. Floor plan layouts are also available in a variety of styles depending on how they will be used. Some floor plan drawings, for example, are created to highlight specific design elements such as electrical or plumbing systems. Drawings that show detailed measurements between walls, doors, and windows are the most common floor plans for residential construction projects. The surface area calculations for each room are usually included. These architectural drawings are required when creating estimates and building a home.
3. Cross-sectional drawings
Cross-section drawings are two-dimensional drawings that depict a building’s visible and hidden elements. Assume you’ve cut a section of the building in half along a vertical plane and are looking inside. That is a sectional or cross-section drawing. Cross-section architecture drawings are useful for demonstrating how different parts of a building fit together. They can demonstrate:
- How walls should be constructed
- How windows are installed in a wall section
- Transitions from one floor to the next structural
4. Elevation drawings
A vertical plane looking straight at the building is used to create an architectural elevation drawing. Elevation drawings that show the exterior of a building from the front, back, and sides are the most common. Elevations, which are similar to cross-sectional drawings in that they show an interior view from a vertical plane, can also be created by architects. These aid in displaying a 2D view of cabinets, doors, and windows.
5. Finishing drawings
These architectural drawings depict close-up views of the finishes. Architects& Designers can use them to communicate specific information about floor coverings, moldings, textures, and colors.
6. Landscape drawings
Landscape drawings are extremely common in residential construction projects. They are similar to the previous site plan but show more detail about the hardscapes and greenery. It is critical to have some 2D landscape drawings to demonstrate the overall layout and measurements. However, 3D drawings are extremely useful for understanding how greenery appears in real life
7. Detail drawings
Detail architecture drawings are typically made up of small cross-section drawings and up-close views of a small portion of the building. They’re crucial for demonstrating how various elements interact in critical areas of the building. Engineering detail drawings in some cases show how reinforced concrete beams should be assembled. Custom design elements or complex junctions such as roof eaves and window openings are displayed in architectural details.
8. Excavation drawings
Excavation drawings detail the excavation of trenches, pits, shafts, tunnels, and other types of soil removal. Architects can also include important details about the excavation process in these drawings.
9. Location drawings
Location drawings are a broad category of drawings that include floor plans, elevations, and cross-sections. These architectural plans, also known as “general arrangement drawings,” show the general location of various construction elements.
10. Design drawings
The aesthetics and overall flow of space are depicted in design drawings. They are typically aesthetic concepts or renderings that represent a client’s ideas as well as the intent of the designers.